shia sects

The second are those who gave the right of Imaamah to Musa al-Kadhim, and these are known as the Ithna Ashariyyah (the Twelvers), and they are also referred to as the Ja'fariyyah. Zarrariyyah Sect: They believe that all the other attributes of Allah except the Life Attribute came into being afterwards.14. The Shia believe that Muhammad designated Ali as his successor by God's command (Eid Al Ghadir). Is Jumuah Salah (Friday prayer) not fard for women according to four madhhabs? Shi'a accounts differ by asserting that Muhammad had designated Ali as his successor on a number of occasions, including on his death bed. From a political viewpoint the history of the Shia was in several stages. In the battle of Karbala, Imam Hussain ibn Ali, the son of Ali and the grandson of Muhammad, was killed by men of the Umayyad sect. Sulaymaniyyah Sect: They accept Hazrath Abu Bakrs (as) and Hazrath Omars (as) Imamate however reject of their being imam prior to Hazrath Ali.20. I honestly had no idea until then that our Shia Islam was divided into more sects. This number reaches approximately 200 million. These dynasties were local, but they were followed by two great and powerful dynasties. Ismailis believe that each Imam has the Noor, or Light of God, among him, which is passed down in the line of the prophet. Shias are divided into 22 sub-sects. The divide between Sunnis and Shia is the largest and oldest in the history of Islam. Indeed, there is no clear line between the Sunnis and the Shiites, as there have been disagreement and disputes within each of these communities. They do not recognize a true Imam until he actively fights against tyrants. Calculating their population is difficult because unless they form a large minority group in their country, they are often counted as Sunni. The Hanafi sect named after its founder, Abu Hanifa) in practice.19. It wrote: “The Pope of his flock, he also possesses fabled wealth and inhabits a world of marvelous châteaux, yachts, jets, and Thoroughbred horses. The Druze are mostly in Lebanon, and practice a secretive and eclectic religion based on Ismaili Shiism, Gnosticism, and elements of Greek philosophy. The Alawites believe in the deification of Ali, a notion that brands them as heretics in both Sunni and Shia Islam. Some within the Isma’il are known as Sab’iyah or “Seveners,” and also consider Isma’il to be the final imam. Other Countries With Shia Majority. Hazrath Ali (as) ascended to heaven. The very term “Twelver”, which is a literal translation for “Athnā’ashariyyah ”, refers to the belief in twelve divinely ordained Imams: twelve male descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. Sabaiyyah Sect: The founder of this sect is Abdullah bin Saba. The Twelver Shiism, or Athnā‘ashariyyah, is the largest branch of Shiism. Ali was supported by Muhammad's family and the majority of the Muhajirun, the initial Muslims, and was opposed by the tribal leaders of Arabia who included Muhammad's initial enemies, including, naturally, the Banu Umayya. The legendary Assassins or Nizārīs, a religious and political movement derived from the Ismailis, also proselytized in other places such as Iraq. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, the allegorical interpretation of the Quran, Abū Muḥrīz Jahm ibn Ṣafwān ar-Rāsibī as-Samarqāndī at-Tirmidhī, Abu’l-Hassan Muqātil ibn Sulaymān ibn Bashīr al-Azdī, Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm ibn Sayyār ibn Hāni’ an-Nazzām, Abū Alī Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb ibn Sallām al-Jubbā'ī, Abū Uthmān Amr ibn Bhār ibn Māhbūb al-Jāhiz al-Kinānī, List of contemporary Muslim scholars of Islam, Abū Abdi’l-Lāh Ahmad ibn Abī Du'ad Faraj ibn Carīr ibn Mâlik al-Iyādī, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_extinct_Shia_sects&oldid=981546406, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from January 2010, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from January 2010, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Harbiyya– the followers of ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Harb ibn al-Kindi, who initially taught, Abū Abdirrahmān Bishr ibn Ghiyāth ibn Abī Karīma al-Marīsī al-Baghdādī (, Abū Muḥāmmad (Abū’l-Hākem) Heshām ibn Sālem al-Jawālikī al-, Abū Mūsā Isā ibn Subeyh (Sabīh) al-Murdār al-Bāsrī (Murdārīyya), Hīshām ibn Amr al-Fuwātī ash-Shaybānī (Hīshāmīyya), Abū Sahl Abbād ibn Sulaimān (Salmān) as-Sāymarī, Abū’l-Hūsayn Abdūrrāhīm ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Uthmān al-Hayyāt (Hayyātīyya), Abū Amr Ḍirār ibn Amr al-Gatafānī al-Kūfī (Ḍirārīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh al-Husayn ibn Muḥāmmad ibn ʿAbdillāh an-Najjār ar-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbdallāh Ibnū’z-Zā‘farānī (Zā‘farānīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥāmmad ibn Karrām ibn Arrāk ibn Huzāba ibn al-Barā’ as-Sijjī, Haisamīyya (Abū ʿAbdallāh Muhammad ibn al-Haisam), Ishāqīyya (Abū Yaʿqūb Ishāq ibn Mahmashādh), Tarā'ifīyya (Ahmad ibn ʿAbdūs at-Tarā'ifī), Abū Abdillāh Mugīre ibn Sāīd al-ʿIjlī el-Bajalī, Abū Amr (Abū Mu‘tamīr) Muāmmar ibn Abbād as-Sūlamī, Abū Sahl Bīshr ibn al-Mu‘tamīr al-Hilālī al-Baghdādī, Abū Hāshīm Abdu’s-Salām ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb al-Jubbā'ī, Abū’l-Huzayl Muḥāmmad ibn al-Huzayl ibn Abdillāh al-Allāf al-Abdī al-Bāsrī, Abū Ma‘n Sūmāma ibn Ashras an-Nūmayrī al-Bāsrī al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Muḥāmmad ibn Abdillāh ibn Shabīb al-Basrī, Abū’l-Kāsīm Abdullāh ibn Ahmad ibn Māhmūd al-Balhī al-Kā‘bī, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 00:07. In Lebanon, 45-55% of the national population is Shia. For them, Taqleed is acceptable only when it is performed by an infallible Imam. Aga Khan IV is an unusual Muslim spiritual leader: he holds British citizenship and lives in France with a degree from Harvard University. The first part was the emergence of the Shia, which starts after Muhammad's death in 632 and lasts until Battle of Karbala in 680. While Ali ibn Abi Talib, his cousin and son-in-law, and the rest of Muhammad's close family were washing his body for burial, the tribal leaders of Mecca and Medina held a secret gathering at Saqifah to decide who would succeed Muhammad as head of the Muslim state, disregarding what the earliest Muslims, the Muhajirun, regarded as Muhammad's appointment of Ali as his successor at Ghadir Khumm. These are movements that no longer have any living followers or practitioners. Shia is one of the main sects of Muslims. One other attribute of imam is prophet at the same time. I always thought we were united and one together. Nasriyyah Sect: They claim that Allah penetrated into Hazrath Ali (as) and his descendants. They claim that Allah created his creations without thinking of their pasts and futures. All Muslims share the fundamental principles of the faith, which was introduced during the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Some of them believed that Ismail was the seventh and last Imam. "A certain amount of knowledge is necessary for wisdom, and without wisdom, knowledge is not only useless, it’s dangerous." Because of this, any hadith that were narrated by these three caliphs (or any of their supporters) were not accepted by Shi'a hadith collectors. There is no Hell. Due to the Shi'a belief that Ali should have been the first caliph, the three caliphs that preceded him, Abu Bakr, Umar, and Usman, were considered illegitimate usurpers. For them, the Twelve Imams are infallible men, who not only rule over the ummah (the community) with justice but are also best qualified to interpret the esoteric meaning of the Quran. These movements eventually after their very brief existence had their followers fall into mainstream Islam. Ismailiyyah Sect: By the followers of this sect under the cover of religion, it had been tried to be founded a kingdom. Forty years later, the state was re-established in the neighboring region of Gilan, which is in north-western Iran, and lasted under Hasanid leaders until the 12th century. Twelvers recognizes a succession of 12 imams, beginning with Ali and his sons Hasan and Hussein and ending with Muhammad al-Mahdi, the “hidden” imam. Zaidiyyah emerged in the eighth century from Shi'a Islam. They are a small sect, permitting no intermarriage or conversion to or from their beliefs. Get the latest update on the Coronavirus outbreak in the Middle East and North Africa. The Buyid dynasty emerged in Daylaman, north of Iran, about 930 and then ruled over central and western parts of Iran and Iraq until 1048. They do not believe the imams receive divine guidance, hence they are not considered as infallible. There are many sects in Muslim religion, but Shiite sect is most prominent who are present all around the world. These are:1. Just like Hashimiyyah Sect, they think of Allah in shape of a human.9. Large communities of Twelver Shia Islam also live in Lebanon, India, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan, with some in Afghanistan, Yemen, Kuwait, Oman, the UAE, Qatar, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Tanzania and Chad as well. This website is no longer actively maintained, Some material and features may be unavailable. Produced by THIRTEEN    ©2020 WNET.ORG Properties LLC. Their theology is a secret to the outside world and even to several within the faith, and is guarded and preserved by an elite caste of scholars known as “uqqal,” meaning “knowers.” The Druze are not considered Muslims by most of the Islamic world. Zarramiyyah Sect: They say that Imamet came down from Ali (as) to his son Mohammad Hanafi and from him to the others.15. Hazrath Ali (as) ascended to heaven. There is a difference between the Nizari Ismaili and Mustaali Ismaili – and again, it is over the issue of leadership and succession. In 2013, The Muslim Times described the Aga Khan as a “paradox”. Others, after initial refusal and bickering, settled on Abu Bakr who was made the first caliph. Therefore, unlike the Twelver Shiites, the Zaidis recognize Zayd ibn Ali as the true fifth Imam, because of his military campaign against the Umayyad dynasty, which they believe was illegitimate. Members of the two sects have co-existed for centuries and share many fundamental beliefs and practices. During this section Shi'ism divided into several branches. In the absence of a clear hadith for a situation, the Shi'a prefer the sayings and actions of the Imams (Prophet's family members) on the similar level as the hadith of the Prophet himself over other ways, which in turn led to the theological elevation of the Imams as being infallible.[4][5]. Though viciously persecuted by both Muslim factions as well as the European Crusaders, the Alawites survived and eventually became a prominent minority in Syria, where today they are outnumbered only by the Sunni. Umar ibn al-Khattab, a companion of Muhammad and was first person to congratulate Ali on event of Ghadeer, nominated Abu Bakr. The following pictures are examples of some of the Shia Islamic empires through history: Extent of Shia rule under the Bahmani Sultanate, Extent of Shia rule under the Safavid dynasty, al-Mukhtār ibn Abī ‘Ubayd Allah al-Thaqafī, History of the Shī‘a Imāmī Ismā'īlī Ṭarīqah, "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population", Four Centuries of Influence of Iraqî Shî‘ism on Pre-Safavid Iran, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Shia_Islam&oldid=953994487, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 April 2020, at 03:37.

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